Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, with varying degrees of severity. Some may necessitate emergency treatment and immediate care by an optometrist, while others can be dealt with at home. Follow these guidelines for common eye injuries, to decide the next step following an accident. Keep in mind that common sense preventive protections such as wearing protective goggles or glasses may be your best bet for preventing eye problems altogether.
A corneal abrasion (scratched eye) is on the more serious side. It can lead to serious harm very quickly and possibly end in blindness. Scratches are generally the result of a poke in the eye, or rubbing the eye when there is dust in it. Since a scratch can open your eye to bacterial infection it's very important that you call your eye care practitioner or an urgent care center. The best care for a corneal abrasion is to cover it loosely and to see your optometrist immediately to check it out. Touching the eye will only cause more harm and entirely covering the eye provides the perfect environment for bacteria.
It's particularly important to know what steps to take if you've been sprayed in the eye by a chemical. The first thing to do is place your head under a steady flow of lukewarm water for about a quarter of an hour. Then call your optometrist or an emergency room to find out what they suggest for such injuries. Make certain to tell the medical professional exactly what chemical got into your eye and what you've done. If you're experiencing intense blurriness, go straight to your eye doctor or an urgent care center after rinsing it with water. Chemical encounters with the eye can cause a variety of degrees of damage, from minor discomfort to serious damage and even blindness.
While no one ever wants to think about an eye injury, it's suggested to have a plan for what to do in serious emergencies. By being prepared you can be assured that you'll be ready to handle most common eye injuries. Don't forget, extra safety protections can help prevent these injuries altogether so consult with your optometrist about preventative eye care !